053 87th Infantry Division

Nickname: Golden Acorn Division. ….. Shoulder Patch; A circular patch with a, rich field of green on which is superimposed a golden acorn. The acorn is symbolic of strength. ….. Slogan: Stalwart and Strong. ….. History: Activated Aug. 15, 1917, Cann Pike, Arkansas, with men drafted from Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi. Provided many detachments as replacements, abroad. Overseas: August, 1918: Armistice prevented it from being committed to action;, returned Jan., 1919. ….. Training: Reactivated December 15, 1942. Camp McCain. Mississippi. III Corps, Second Army Maneuvers: Dec 6, 1943, to Jan 17, 1944. Tennessee, with Second Army. Moved to Port Jackson, South Carolina after maneuvers Overseas: November 4, 1944 (ETO). ….. Commanding Generals: Maj Gen. Percy W. Clarkson, Dec., 1942, to Oct., 1943; Maj Gen. Eugene M. Landrum, Oct., 1943, to Apr., 1944; Maj. Gen. Prank L. Culin, Jr., Apr., 1944. to present. Component Units: (As of Nov. 4, 1944): 345th, 346th and 347th Infantry Regiments; 334th. 336th, 912th CD and 335th (M) FA Battalions. Higher command: Third Army. ….. Combat Highlights: The Acorn Division arrived on the continent in the European Theater of Operations in mid-November 1944, coming into the Metz area on the Third Army front. Original plans had been for the 87th to relieve another unit in this area and to receive its seasoning baptism of fire on this diminishing front The Nazi offensive, however, prevented this plan from being carried out. Therefore in December, the 87th was chosen by General Patton as one of the units to meet and smash von Rundstedt’s drive. The seasoning was rough but effective. In early February 1945, the winter-tried 87th Division helped to spearhead another smashing Third Army drive Under heavy barrages of the enemy, the division forced a crossing of the Our river and began the drive toward Luxembourg. During February the division fought well into Belgium and the following month consolidated gains. In March, 1945, the division prepared to land decisive blows against the German Army and in April crossed the Moselle with great speed, taking Coblenz in a lightning move. This seizure of Coblenz was the start of another great Third Army drive into the Rhineland. Crossing of the Rhine by the 87th was accomplished by sheer grit and courage. As the first wave of troops moved across the river the Germans threw up flares and by thai light brought to bear heavy and accurate mortar fire. Despite the casualties, the 87th pressed ahead and by the war’s end had blasted its way deep into Germany.