028 38th Infantry Division

Nickname: Cyclone Division. . While the Division was in training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, during World War I its tent city was leveled by a storm and the 38th promptly became known as the Cyclone Division. After its action at Bataan during this war, the 38th began to use the phrase, “Avengers of Bataan,” as a divisional nickname. . Shoulder Patch: The patch is in the form of a shield divided vertically into a field of red and a field of blue in the center of the shield in white, are the letters “C” and “Y” interlocked. A scroll, with the words, “Avengers of Bataan,” has been placed above the letters since the Division’s action at Bataan. . Source: Indiana, Kentucky and West Virginia National Guard. . History: Organized and trained. Camp Shelby, Mississippi, and went overseas Sept.-Oct. 1918; last element returned from France and demobilized June, 1918. Never saw action as a division in France. History of individual units: 149th Infantry Regiment once commanded by Daniel Boone as 2nd Kentucky Infantry; 138th FA Battalion, commanded by George Rogers Clark as 1st Kentucky Infantry; 152nd Infantry Regiment, organized as 2nd Ind. Regiment. (Tippecanoe.) . Training: Inducted Jan. 17, 1941. Trained Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Third Army maneuvers, Louisiana, Sept., 1941. Came under control of AGF Mar. 9, 1942, and assigned IV Corps, Third Army Third Army maneuvers. La.. Sept., 1942. Amphibious training, Carrabelle, Florida, Nov., 1942. Camp Livingston, Louisiana, Mar., 1943. Furnished 8 cadres, parts of 14 tank forces and produced 4000 to 5000 officer candidates. Overseas: Dec., 1943. . Commanding Generals: Maj: Gen. Robert H. Tyndall, Jan., 1941, to Apr., 1941: Lt. Gen. (then Maj. Gen. Daniel I. Sultan, Apr., 1941, to Apr., 1942; Maj. Gen. Henry L. C. Jones, Apr., 1942. to Feb., 1945; Maj. Gen. William C. Chase, Feb., 1945, to July, 1945; Maj. Gen. Frederick A. Irving, Aug., 1945. to present. . Component Units: (As of Dec.. 1943): 149th, 151st and 152nd Infantry Regiments; 138th, 139th, 163rd (L) and 150th (M) FA Battalions. Higher Command: Eighth Army. . Combat Highlights: Battle action of the 38th centered in Bataan and the region NE of Manila, beginning Dec. 7, 1944. These are the places where blood of the gallant Division troops was shed: Leyte, mopping up; Subic Bay, tending on Bataan: Zig-Zag Pass, key to Jap defense of Bataan; Mariveles, amphibious landing; Balanga, Pilar and Bagac (March-of-Death route): Corregidor landing: Zambales Mts. (stormed): Cabello, Fort Drum and Carabao Islands (overrun); the Marakina watershed (Manila’s water supply); the Sierra Madre Mts. and the Shimbu Line (almost impassable terrain): Marakina river line (seized): Wawa Dam captured.