Home Front Wings
Published in the interest of increased aircraft production by McGraw-Hill Publishing Company at the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, United States Navy Department, and the Army Air Forces. The factual material contained in this magazine has the approval of the Bureau of Aeronautics and the Army Air Forces; any editorial opinions expressed are solely those of the Publisher. Format 9-1/4" x 12" with approximately 40 pages per issue. The page numbering is continuous through the entire volume.

Wings 1942 06
Wings 1942 06
Detailed updates coming

Wings 1942 08
Wings 1942 08
Vol. I No. 3 ...... Articles Inside: ... Dividends from Employee Suggestions By Russell Newcomb ..... For Efficient Assembly Methods: Save Motion and Simplify Operations I By J. M. Druliner Chief of Methods and Control and C. B. Kavanau Industrial Engineer, Vultee Aircraft, Inc. ..... Calendar for a Seven-Day Work Week ..... Workers Save 15 Tires and 3,640 Gallons of Gas a Day - At Glenn L. Martin Plants, these savings have been brought about by the new system of employee transportation that uses 100 buses and has increased passenger loading from 2.6 to 4.4 occupants per car since last October 1. by E. A. Schurman, Chief of Protection, Glenn L. Martin Co. ..... Section on Production Short Cuts: Deep-Throated Riveter Speeds Job ..... Airframe Production Short Cuts: [ Boost Output by Changes in Set-Up ..... Striping Machine Speeds Painting Job ..... r Notched Block Ups Brake Output ..... Final Wing Assembly Done on Conveyor ..... Small Items Yeild Big Production Gains ..... Bucking Yoke For Faster Riveting at Fleetwings ..... Attachment Speeds Punch Press ..... 3-in-1 Burring and Polishing Tool ] ..... Power Plants (Engines and Propeller) Production Short Cuts: [ Supercharger Parts Take Top Production Methods ..... Grinding Wheels ..... Precision Grinding Expedited by Templates and Blocks ..... Doubles Output by Using Two Presses ..... Aids Inspection ol Hollow Propeller Blades ..... Halves Time of Grinding Hub ..... Output by Better Tool Grinding ..... Lighted Ground Glass Helps Matching of Templates ..... Machinist's Jig Triples Production ..... How to Save and Use Up Shorter Tool Bits ..... Operators Idea haves Trucking Time ..... Special Machine Tests Bearing Liners ] ..... Accessories Production Short Cuts: [ Rheostat Production Now Goes Faster ..... New Cleaning Bath Saves Time ..... Assembly of Ignition Harnesses Speeded ..... New Fixture Halves Gaging Time ..... Multiplies Soldering Rate Over 300 Percent ..... Small Oil Guard Saves Waste and Metal ..... Jig Saves One Hour for Each Manifold Welded ..... Cams Ground to 0.0002 in. in Special Fixture ..... Pyrometer Panel Saves Delay ] ..... First Wings Bond Awards ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1942 09
Wings 1942 09
Vol. I No. 4 ...... Articles Inside: ... Planning and Production Control in a Limited-Lot Aircraft Engine Plant By J. W. Mallach ..... For Efficient Assembly: Save Motions and Simplify Operations Part 2 By J. M. Druliner and C. B. Kavanau ..... Conveyor Tracks for Dollies Speed Production of Cargo Planes By Arthur E. Petzon ..... To Get More From Available Tools: Duplicate Your Jigs, Fixtures or Tables By Herbert Chase ..... Production Short-Cuts ..... Airframes Production Short-Cuts: [ P-47 "Thunderbolt" Production Speeded by Multiple Radial Drilling ..... Rig Speeds Conduit Soldering ..... Roll-It Fixture Turns Tubes ..... Marks Bend Points on Tubing ..... Prepares Surface of Laminated Plastics ..... Mounted Grinding Wheel Does a Faster Job ..... Hand Shear Slots Longerons Without Burrs ..... Fixture Triples Rate of Brazing ..... Saves 20 Minutes of Hand Filing ..... Transparent Shield Promotes Safety ..... Tips on Tools from the Workers ] ..... Power Plants Production Short-Cuts : [ Carbide Tools Prove Faster than Grinding ..... Saves 15 Minutes Per Part on Supercharger Houring; Job ..... Air Tools Used for Burring and Polishing ..... Faster Tests of Ignition Harnesses ..... New Tool Grinds Propeller Shanks Faster ..... Rack Aids Magnaflux Inspection ..... Wooden Holder Speeds Packing Job ..... Holding Device Cuts Time of Burring Operations ..... Good Tooling Speeds Gear-Housing Job ..... Blueprints Displayed on Adjustable Holder ..... Special Rack Protects Gears ..... Cylinder Fins Cut by 29-Tool Holder ..... Two Fixtures Speed Propeller Balancing ..... Saves Time in Propeller Machining ..... Quickly Removes Burrs from Splines ] ..... Accessories Production Short-Cuts: [ Fly Cutters Save Time and Costs ..... Quick Polishing of Teeth on Small Gears ..... Tweezers Speed Insertion of Recessed Gears ..... Neat Fixture Aids Bushing Insertion ..... Multi-tip Burners For Faster Soldering ..... Saves Time in Instrument Testing ..... Aids Use of Air-driven Nut Runner ..... Shortens Run-in Time on Gear Trains ..... 200 Holes an Hour in Plastic ] ..... Second Wings Bond Awards ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1942 10
Wings 1942 10
Vol. I No. 5 ...... Cover: Cover Art by McClelland Barclay ....... Articles Inside: ... To Get More Engines Now ...1 - Ingenuity and experience, applied to available machine tools, have stepped up Continental Motors' production of engines 60-fold while they wait for new machine tools. An inspiring story, full of practical suggestions and illustrated with a wealth of photographs and sketches, told in the form of an interview with Guy ]. Harinton, vice-president and plant manager. ..... Loading System Keeps Machines Busy - To minimize idle time and to avoid overloading tools continuously, Pratt & Whitney has worked out an effective system of controlling machine loading. This is the informative story of how the system works, illustrated with the forms actually used by P & W. Many other companies will find the system practicable for them. ..... Aircraft Instrument Production Expanded - Many new workers at Sperry Gyroscope are trained by a comprehensive program that features written instruction sheets for assembly, and classes in shop technique. Sperry has developed such a progressive method of schooling that its production schedule is expedited. L. Malkovsky, vice-president for manufacturing, Sperry Gyroscope Company, Inc., wrote this story. By Louis F. Malkovsky ..... For Faster, Less-Tiring Production By Herbert Chase ..... Production Short-Cuts ..... Airframes Production Short-Cuts: [ Speeds Production of Flush Rivets ..... Aids Riveting in Cramped Spaces ..... Doubles Countersinking Speed ..... Short-Cuts for Routing Blanks - Short-cuts devised for routing...By use of special templates, one form being guided by a pin in a slot, desired contours, some having square corners and some notched, are produced with savings in time and in rejects. Metal workers throughout aircraft industry will be helped materially by studying these new methods of accelerating production in manufacture of parts. ..... There's a Mouse in the Loft ..... Pneumatic Tube Header Cuts Time 95% ..... Single Tool Replaces Three ..... Spaces and Punches Holes in Fairings ..... T\ ing Tip Is Formed by Ingenious Hydraulic Set-Up ..... Eight-Nut Holder Aids Rapid Assembly ..... Twin Wrench Frees One Hand in Applying Turnbuckle ..... Tumbling To Remove Burrs From Aluminum Parts ] ..... Power Plants Production Short-Cuts: [ Plating Output Doubled by Workers' Devices - Plating output doubled...A group leader in the plating department of an engine plant is responsible for a suggestion which has doubled the plating output there. A method of masking the anode and jarring it mechanically helps make a uniform deposit of silver in plating engine bearing shells for the aircraft industry. ..... Changes Speed Propeller Production ..... Machining Gears on Own Quill ..... Rearranging Work Raises Grinding Output 75% ..... Pliofilm Seals Engines to Avoid Rusting ..... Good Jig and Fixture Control Machining ] ..... Accessories Production Short-Cuts: [ Special Tools Facilitate Ignition Work ..... Plating Tank Capacity Doubled ..... Saves 10 Minutes Per Assembly ..... Air Cylinder Powers Kick Press ..... Simple Wrench for Tightening Hose Clamps ] ..... Third Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1942 11
Wings 1942 11
Vol. I No. 6 ...... Cover: Cover Art by McClelland Barclay ....... Articles Inside: ... The Enemy Designs Our Warplanes - Under the arresting title, The Enemy Designs Our Warplanes, J. H. (Dutch) Kindelberger, president. North American Aviation, Inc., gives wings a highly informative review of the importance of flexible tooling in effecting rapid changes in design to keep American aircraft abreast of and better than those of the Axis. Incidentally, this is the first story Mr. Kindelberger has ever signed for publication. By J. H. Kindelberger ..... It's Beat Tomorrow-Today-at Grumman - Simple but efficient operations speed subassemblies and final assembly of the Grumman Avenger. In this comprehensive story, complete with photographs and sketches, H. E. Larson, factory manager, provides the "know-how" of a control system that steps up warplane production. The entire industry should benefit from this method of beating tomorrow-today! By H. E. Larson ..... To Get More Engines Now...2 - Production stepped up 60-fold at Continental Motors by ingenuity and experience applied to rejuvenating old turret lathes, screw machines, boring mills, millers, grinders and other equipment is described further in the second and concluding installment of an interview" with Guy J. Harinton. vice-president and plant manager. No time is lost 'waiting" for new machine tools here. ..... Production Short-Cuts ..... Airframes Production Short-Cuts: [ Skin Application Time Cut 70 Percent by Gang Riveting - Thousands of man-hours are saved by an important new shortcut in the installation of thin aluminum skin on Helldiver bombers and Seagull scouts. New method employs gang riveter, driving up to nine rivets in a single operation. Some said the practice was impossible, but they were proved wrong. Many should learn much from this article. ..... Holder Helps Find Spaghetti Numbers..... Steps Up Rate Profiling Longerons..... Loading Area Increased 10 Percent..... Adjustable Vise Speeds Template Filing..... Paint Eases Sight; Photos Reduce Many Mishaps..... Hours Saved in Checking Elevator..... Vacuum Cleaner Injects Kapok..... Women Rivet Faster with Lighter Tools..... Clamp Cuts Milling Time One-Fourth ] ..... Powerplants Production Short-Cuts: [ Specific Spaces for Gages Aid Inspection..... New Chuck Jaw Saves Time. Trouble..... Fixture Halves Etching Time..... Wrench Carries Twist Around Corner..... Standardized Tapping Blocks Save Rejects..... Triangular Rubber Tip Spins Nuts Off Faster..... Wheel Slots Ground Fast in Dual Fixtures in Tandem ] ..... Accessories Production Short-Cuts: [ Homemade Machine Forms Strips Rapidly..... Eliminates Jig. Cuts Time One-Third..... Screw Heads Milled Faster..... Slot Broaching Quicker Than Milling..... Steps Up Burring of Spur Gears ..... Speedier Burring with Rotary File ] ..... Book Reviews - Book Reviews have been added to Wings as an interesting, informative department. Textbooks for beginners in the aircraft industry, and other volumes of more interest to experienced workmen, will be reviewed each month. Rapid expansion of the aircraft industry has emphasized learning by books at home as well as practical experience at plants. ..... Fourth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1942 12
Wings 1942 12
Vol. I No. 7 ...... Cover: Cover Art by McClelland Barclay ....... Articles Inside: ... Ingenuity Spreads Skilled Labor in Die Making - How ingenuity makes up for shortages of skilled toolmakers is told in words and pictures by N. F. Vanderlipp, general manager, Fairchild Aircraft Limited, in one of the most informative stories of the year. Tool-design and die-making policy is flexible to suit materials and personnel available in Canadian die making. Both immediate and long-term requirements for parts are met. By N. F. Vanderlipp ..... Merry-Go-Round Fixture Speeds Press Loading - To speed leading and unloading of a. conventional 3-column rubber-pad hydro press, Vultee Field Division placed a "merry-go-round" feed table about one column as an axis. Indexing and press stroke are automatic each time the control button is pushed. Result: 10,000 sheet-metal parts produced in an 8-hr, shift, with two operators. W. S. Clark, factory superintendent, tells how the table operates. By W. S. Clark ..... Steel Templates Reproduced by Printing - Rapid and precise production of templates has now been developed on lithographing presses, avoiding dark room and all photographic equipment. Any number of duplicates is supplied to Curtiss plants and subcontractors. Etching provides sharp lines. Dowel pins assure correct register. Process is applicable also to lofts. Savings in time and labor are important advantages. By Chester S. Richer ..... Women Operate Many Intricate Machines ..... "Erector Set" Assemblies With Unskilled Labor ...By R.P. Gaylord ..... Production Shortcuts: [ Airframes Production Shortcuts ..... Aspirin For Tube-Bending Headaches ..... Carts Keep Rivets Cold During Delivery ..... Facilitates Stitching Leather Covers ..... Jig Speeds Electrical Inspection ..... Dzus Fastener Adapter 16 Times Faster ..... Handle for Snake Drill Avoids Inaccuracies ..... Time Saved in Leveling Driftmeter Bracket ..... Portable Benches Aid Rapid Handling ..... Tubular Parts Rapidly Numbered ..... Spar Milling Done 60 Times Faster ..... Saves Hour in Forming Canopy Trailing Edge ..... Light-Duty Tools Speed Plane Parts ..... Profiler Expedites Spar Production ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ 1-Piece Propeller Blade Production-Formed From Seamless Tube - Profusely illustrated, this article by William N. Wood, plant manager, American Propeller Corp., describes how 1-piece propeller blade is production formed from seamless tube with exact control of wall thickness making light, balanced, uniform and interchangeable product. Photos take you through process, step by step, of transition from chrome-nickel-molybdenum tube to hollow blade. ..... Shop-Designed Grinders Avoid Delays ..... Revolving-Tier Truck Provides Fast Cylinder Service ..... Standard Package Saves Time ..... Gang Fixture Cuts Assembly Time One-Third ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Holds High Precision in Gear Recesses ] ..... 7-Month Cross-Index - Invaluable to men and women seeking information on production shortcuts published in Wings is the index covering the first seven issues, June through December. Each item has been carefully cross-indexed under Feature Articles, Airframes, Powerplants and Accessories, the four categories into which wings is divided. Hundreds of subjects are covered in this comprehensive review. ..... Book Reviews ..... Fifth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 01
Wings 1943 01
Vol. I No. 8 ...... Cover: Ensign True Davis, Jr. by Artist Chief Petty Officer Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Multiline Production Speeds Fortress Deliveries - How Boeing solved the problem of vastly increased orders for Flying Fortresses by devising a new type of aircraft production called "Multiline Production" is described in this detailed article by H. Oliver West, executive vice-president, Boeing Aircraft Company. Final assembly is now simplified into a mere joining and hooking-up process, which other companies will find of value in solving floorspace problems. By H. Oliver West ..... Fighting Horsepower Assured - Necessity of scheduling, producing and delivering spare parts for fighting aircraft engines, in close cooperation with the Special Subcommittee on Spares under the jurisdiction of the Joint Aircraft Committee, is outlined in this article. Thomas A, Bissell describes how Pratt & Whitney builds its spare parts and engines together as one of several companies engaged in this important work of "Keeping 'Em Flying." By Thomas A. Bissell ..... Canadian Machine Operators Learn by Doing - Unskilled men and women, with only one day's training on the job, start producing precision machined aircraft parts at Canadian Car & Foundry thanks to program of learning while doing. Albert Jude, works manager, tells how his company, as one large producer for our neighboring ally, increased its trained personnel by many hundreds in an amazingly short time. Other concerns in Canada, as well as in the United States, will benefit from this article. By Albert Jude ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Strip-stretching Machines Speed Job, Save Scrap - Heading up the Airframes Production Shortcuts this month is an informative article on how the Goodyear Aircraft Corp. has applied metal-stretching machines to stretching and forming strips, with savings in scrap. Photos and a sketch help carry the reader through the steps which accomplish desired results while conserving valuable metal. Other aircraft manufacturers should benefit from this story. ..... Spherical Surface Generated Perfectly ..... Cradles Facilitate Handling Thunderbolts ..... Metallizing Saves Worn Dies ..... How to Get Most From Rubber Press Pads ..... Boxes Punched Quickly at Semi-circular Bench ..... Power Drill Made to Shift Rapidly ..... New Tool Does Job Better, Faster ..... How Curtiss Inspects Commando Windshields ..... Cementing Improvements Save 9 Hours Per Ship ..... Motor Drive Tapes Conduit Five Times Quicker ..... Tool Grinder Converted to Cut Off Tubes ..... Striper Saves 3 1/2 Hours per Plane ..... Auger Loads Nut Rapidly ..... Nibbling Speeds Shaping of Tube Ends ..... Pneumatic Machine Stamps Numbers Faster ..... Tilted Cutter Machines Long Radius ..... Dollies Supply Small Parts 25 Percent Quicker ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ 2-piece Steel Propeller Blades Blown to Shape - Making 2-piece propellers so alike in weight and balance they may be interchanged is the timely topic of this fully illustrated story by John M. Hamilton, of Aeroproducts Division, General Motors Corp. Contour planing and milling, metallizing, controlled-atmosphere brazing and final expansion to exact shape are described in this article, which details methods contrasting sharply with those in making the 1-piece propeller pictured in wings last month. ..... Lathe Attachment Saves 10 Min. Per Piece ..... Quick-lock Fixture for Valve Covers ..... Anti-glare Shields Aid Workers ..... Fixtures Expedite Propeller Handling ..... Cylindrical Grinder Finishes Plane Surfaces ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Coining Greatly Accelerates Production ..... Aids in Spotting Holes for Drilling ..... Drill Presses on Tracks ] ..... Book Reviews ..... Sixth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 02
Wings 1943 02
Vol. I No. 9 ...... Cover: Cover Art by John Falter ....... Articles Inside: ... How Bell Plans and Controls Production - New Bell plans and controls production is told clearly in text and charts by Max Stupar, coordinator of production, who explains how the department charged with maintaining high productivity is divided into two divisions. One does tool engineering and planning; other kindle? bookkeeping phases, including issuing orders to shop and for material. Whole system is built around 100-percent lofting practice. By Max Stupar ..... Over 100 Suggestions A Week - More than 100 suggestions for production shortcuts have been turned in each week for the first 16 weeks of Curtiss-Wright's Suggestion System at its Columbus plant. Here are details of the plan to help speed production by employees' suggestions, 64 of which have already received the Award of Individual Production Merit from the joint Labor-Management War Production Drive Committee. It's a good plan for any company. ..... "Cherchez les RIGHT Femmes" For Making Parts - Placing the right woman in the right job has been developed skillfully at General Electric where many thousand women have proved their value in making aircraft instruments. Step by step, you are taken with a typical girl on her course of testing and training. R. L. Moeller, of G. E., tells how many machining operations, fine assembly work, and exacting inspections are performed exceptionally well by women. Every employer will benefit from this word-and-picture article. By R. L. Moeller ..... Tool Salvage Is Everybody's Responsibility - Tool salvage, like winning the war, is everybody's responsibility today. That is why everyone from the front office to the shop veteran or rawest recruit in coveralls will be intensely interested in the article by E. L. Derr, supervisor of tools, Continental Motors. His six major points, when answered satisfactorily by you, should help conserve many of your most powerful weapons in our all-out war on the Axis. By E. L. Derr ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Making Stainless-steel Exhaust Rings - Fabrication of stainless steel might be called an art instead of a manufacturing job. However, with proper training and good fixtures, Kay Products Co. turns out exhaust collector rings on a. production basis as a subcontractor for Boeing. The various steps in the process are described clearly in text and photographs to help other companies speed their production in this field. Young men, with schooling in welding, seem best for job. ..... Convenient Tables for Shear Operators ..... Three Tools Save Time, Speed Assembly ..... Drop Hammer Rope Life Doubled ..... Part Forming With Rubber Throw Sheets ..... Expedites Job of "Doin' Nuttin' " ..... Space Saved by Replacing Lead "Ducks" ..... Speed Light Plane Wing Assembly ..... Converts Extrusions For Bar Stock ..... ''Checker Boarding" Hastens Production ..... Suggestion May Save Lives ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Metal Applied Faster to Wooden Propellers ..... Oil Slot Cut 25 Percent Faster ..... Aids Rapid Polishing of Valve Tappet ..... Cylinder Production Speeded 450 Percent ..... Drill Press Does Back Spot-Facing ..... Honing Job Done Faster Than Polishing ..... Simple Fixture Halves Riveting Time ..... Non-magnetic Rings Ground on Magnetic Chuck ..... Shortens Job, Saves Machine for Other Work ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Milling Done Faster on Drill Press ..... Laminations Stacked Ten Times Faster ..... Aids Rapid Stack Drilling ..... Standard Anodic Equipment Salvages Worn Files ..... Fly Cutter Quickly Produces True Slot ..... Air Jets Speed Precision Drilling ] ..... Book Reviews ..... Seventh Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 03
Wings 1943 03
Vol. I No. 10 ...... Cover: This month's front cover shows one of our fighting allies, a Canadian bombardier, doing his job with an expression of businesslike concentration which spells trouble for the target. Cover Art by Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Production Planned 18 Months Ahead at Vultee - Vultee delivers on schedule by long-term planning, coordinating raw stock requisitions and purchasing of parts with manufacturing requirements to prevent costly production delays. J. W. Hennen, production manager, Vultee Field Division, tells how it is done by his "production control" department with Ditto copies of schedule cards, photographic copies of records and schedule boards that are kept constantly up-to-the-minute. By J. W. Hennen ..... Photos Help Train Bell Assemblers - Inexperienced workers master their jobs more quickly and easily when trained with the aid of visual records of parts and tools which are unfamiliar to them, according to Ben F. Silsbee, visual-training coordinator of Bell Aircraft Corp. Photographs are used most frequently, with supplementary sketches and diagrams helpful for complex jobs. Workers start actual assembly with little personal instruction. By Ben F. Silsbee ..... Auto Technique Used in Airframe Production - Airframe assemblies are manufactured successfully at Hudson Motor Car Co. by using automobile assembly-line technique. Engineering information has been converted into terms easily understood by the experienced workmen who have to use it. Automotive methods and tools are retained wherever possible. Increased accuracy. faster production of parts, and reduced worker-training time have resulted. Chester S. Ricker, wings field representative, tells the story. By Chester S. Richer ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Refrigerated Electrodes Triple Weld Production - How refrigerated electrodes for spot-welding aluminum triple production in the Linden plant of the Eastern Aircraft Division of General Motors is told in this informative article by Charles C. Titherington, welding engineer. Refrigeration reduces the pick-up of aluminum, by electrodes, which average three times as many welds between cleanings as when water-cooled. Drawings show details of electrode design. ..... "Ferris Wheel" for Rapid Doping ..... Foot Can Serve as "Third Hand" ..... Hole Spotting Eliminates Drill Template ..... Handy Racks and Fixtures Aid Assembly ..... Output Tripled with New Hardness Tester ..... Holder Simplifies Tack-welding of Lugs ..... Ratchet Screwdriver Expedites Nut Wiring ..... Loading Tables Avoid Drop-hammer Delays ..... One Man Replaces Two ..... Cushioned Bucking Bar Holder Reduces Fatigue ..... Saves Strippet Punch Shanks ..... Analyzer Keeps Spot-welders on Job ..... Halves Time for Removing Nailing Strips ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Converts Miller to Recess Pistons ..... Stock Setscrew Replaces Broken Stud ..... Doubling Production From One Blank Saves Metal ..... Balancing Plugs Ground Five Times Faster ..... Twin Saw Halves Cut-off Time ..... Time Cut 50% in Finishing Blades ..... Bronze Ring Ground on Magnetic Chuck ..... Fixtures Speed Stud Insertion ..... Conveyor Gate Adds Safety, Convenience ..... Eccentric Fixture Expedites Drilling ..... Stepped Stand Aids Propeller Balancing ..... Mailing Tubes Provide Storage Racks ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Portable Spray Unit Saves Time ..... Boosts Lathe Output 400 Percent ..... Large Scrap Saving in Redesigned Part ..... Regulator Testing Speeded One-third ] ..... Book Reviews ..... Eighth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 04
Wings 1943 04
Vol. I No. 11 ...... Cover: Master Sergeant Durward W. Fesmire, of Portales, N. M.. whose portrait appears on the front cover, is a member of the famed 19th Bombardment Group which battled the Japs while retreating from the Philippines to Java and then to Australia. There, the flying Yanks went on the offensive. Personnel of the 19th have been decorated many times. This official Army Air Forces portrait is the work of Captain Charles Baskerville. It will eventually hang in A.A.F. headquarters at Washington. Sgt. Fesmire is typical of our airmen. ....... Articles Inside: ... Vega Streamlines the Hiring Line - Prospective employees are interviewed, tested, recorded and hired in record time at Vega, completing the entire process in 58 minutes. Ralph B. Smith, personnel manager tells how mass-production methods are applied to hiring, reducing hours of waiting and shuttling between interviewers. A series of pictures carries a typical man and girl through the line, from their application to a final tour of the factory where they will work. By Ralph B. Smith ..... Housing, Transportation Inadequate - Transportation and housing present increasing difficulties to the aircraft industry as manpower needs grow with production requirements. The inadequacy of housing facilities in almost half the production areas combines with tire and gasoline shortages to create a serious problem. A survey conducted by Wings gives an overall picture of what is being done by the industry, its employees, and various transportation and housing agencies to solve the problem. ..... Seeing Models Beats Visualizing Drawings ..... Handicapped Workers Doing Their Share - In this war of the people, all the people are doing their part. The physically handicapped have offered their skills to the aircraft industry, and are helping in plants all over the country to turn out planes to win the war. Pictures of these men and women at their jobs show the wide variety of work they are doing. The nation and the industry agree that they are doing it as well at home as those in uniform are doing it overseas. ..... Is It Necessary? - A new feature makes its bow in Wings this month. ''Is It Necessary?" is a question that must be asked and answered promptly if we are to win the war and exact from the enemy that "unconditional surrender" demanded by the President. Planes must be built faster, substitutes used wherever possible, and better methods developed. We hope our readers will give us the benefit of their own experience so that we may pass it on to others. And there are prizes, too. By E. I. Tangerman ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ How Fairchild Fabricates Plywood Structures - Opening the airframes section for April is a story on how Fairchild fabricates plywood structures, written by Herbert Chase. Skin for fuselage and wing sections is molded by the Duramold process, using phenolic Tego film as adhesive for poplar, mahogany and birch plies. Such structures, used in the construction of training planes, conserve metal for fighters and bombers, and permit rapid fabrication. ..... Band Saw Saves Slow Milling ..... Hoist on Fixture Lifts Cabin ..... Refinements Save Time in Hardness Testing ..... Broomstick Helps in Drilling Rivet Holes ..... Burring Tool Made From Kitchen Knife Sharpener ..... Portable Shear Saves Time, Fatigue ..... Cuts 20-Hour Job to 10 Minutes ..... Traveling Drill Covers Worktable Top ..... Sketches Aid Inexperienced Welders ..... Mirror with Light Aids Inspection ..... Tap-grinding Head Adapted for Countersinks ..... Production Multiplied Five Times by Feed Change ..... Wood Shapers Now Form Aluminum ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Pyramid Spacer Simplifies Machine Clamping ..... How to Tilt Cutter to Mill Larger Radius ..... Cuts Burring Time 95 Percent ..... Marine-engine Flywheel Makes Airplane Jig ..... Polishing Safely Under Glass ..... Cylinders Sprayed Faster When Turned ..... Checks Ten Dimensions Simultaneously ..... Inserting, Staking Time Cut 75 Percent ..... Jig Aids Precise Marking of Housing ..... Cuts Blade-profiling Time One-fourth ..... Helps Polish Engine Part ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Back Spot-facer Which Speeds Seat Job ..... Doubles Extruding-post Life ..... Combination Aids Pivoting ..... Small-part Burrs Removed by Polishing ..... Simple 2-Way Indexing Fixture ..... Router Rapidly Cuts Tubes Before Welding ] ..... Book Reviews ..... Ninth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 05
Wings 1943 05
Vol. I No. 12 ...... Cover: Cover Art by Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Four Out of Five Are Women - Four out of five workers at the Allis-Chalmers supercharger plant are women, who have exceeded all expectations of their ability. Many have had no previous experience, but, with little training, they can handle almost any plant operation, including complex machines. They also hold responsible positions as foreladies, and most of the training courses for women are conducted by women teachers. Pictures help to tell their story. By Herbert Chase ..... Preview Sketches Cut Tool-planning Time - Artists' sketches of proposed new equipment cut time required for tool planning at Boeing-Wichita. Tool room. shop and management can all see how equipment is to be used, thus eliminating unnecessary drawings and detail engineering if the design is rejected or changed. Other details are decided and cost is estimated from these sketches, after which management makes its decision from the detailed information at hand. By Chester S. Ricker ..... Low-carbon Steel Replaces Critical Steel By Geo. Lewis & Guy Nash ..... Planning Keeps Engine Assembly Moving - Production control at Buick, in the manufacture of Pratt & Whitney engines, follows the general lines worked out for automobiles, adapted to contract requirements and the special problems of aircraft engines. Production is uninterrupted, and minimum machine and material inventory is maintained. This article, by R. M. Wagner, general production manager, describes the system. Illustrations include the forms which record cumulative totals of essential information. By R.M. Wagner ..... Puts Production Improvements to Work - Difficulties in informing an increasing number of comparatively new supervisors of new methods and shortcuts are overcome at the Curtiss Airplane Division by a production coordination group under the direction of J. J. Lee, assistant director of manufacturing. He tells how standardization of methods and tools, plus sharing machinery and personnel between plants, is facilitated by bulletins and personal attention. By J. J. Lee ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Cowling Fitted, Drilled and Assembled - The air-frames section opens this month with a story about the fabrication of cowling for aircraft engines. Its shape and the extremely close tolerances required by the Navy make it a difficult job. Intercontinent uses two fixtures, each designed for two different operations. thus saving both factory space and vital material. Three sketches and four photographs supplement the text. clearly illustrating the fixtures and their use. ..... Adjustable-top Buggy Eases Furnace Loadings ..... Universal Pressure Pad Simplifies Set-ups ..... Change Prevents Broken Aluminum Castings ..... Trimming Compound-formed Parts by Router ..... Sheets Stretched in Punch Press ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Supercharger Impellers Machined With Carbide ..... Halves Number of Machines for Turning Ring Grooves ..... Pneumatic Clamp Speeds Blade Finishing ..... Trunnioned Fixture Aids Engine Assembly ..... Collet Chuck Saves 85 Percent of Handling Time ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Assembly Time Cut 45 Percent ..... Second Template Aids Slotting ..... Cuts Washer-production Time 90 Percent ..... Provides "Spot" for Drill on Sloping Surface ..... Cylinders Precision-bored One per Minute ] ..... Is It Necessary? ..... Review of Navy Films ..... Book Reviews ..... Tenth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 06
Wings 1943 06
Vol. 2 No. 1 ...... Cover: Cover Art by Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Mechanized Materials Control Meets Schedules - Mechanization of materials control helps Lycoming to meet increased production schedules. H. U. Zimmer, production manager, tells how procedures were revised when it became necessary to manufacture hundreds of different engine parts in previously unanticipated quantities. Tabulating machines now provide essential data quickly, complete inventories can be kept current, and shortages quickly located and remedied. By H. U. Zimmer ..... Workers Recruit for Home Front - Employees help the personnel department by recruiting friends and relatives to work in Fairchild's Hagerstown plant. Located in a small community where the labor supply is limited, this company has put to work the personal contacts of its employees by using them to obtain workers' friends for jobs. Introductory slips given by employees to their referrals carry out the system. Seventy percent of the referrals have been hired. ..... Conveyors Speed Engine Assembly - Automobile methods have been put to work in assembling aircraft engines at Studebaker. Conveyor lines have been found of considerable value. Roller conveyors and other types are supplemented by beam cranes and special racks for specific units. Parts, subassemblies and engines are all handled quickly and efficiently in the various departments to which they go. This is a particularly detailed and well illustrated story. ..... Use the Old Oil -- Again! - Reclamation of oils and solvents has been developed to a fine point at Bendix, saving as much as 20 to 90 percent of these materials. Dean M. Cleaveland. lubrication engineer, describes the processes which, besides conserving critical materials, effect a real saving on all new lubricants purchased, so that the recovery set-up pays for itself in less than two months. A storage system supplements the salvaging process by permitting purchasing in large quantities. By Dean M. Cleaveland ..... Two Ideas Broaden "Share-the-Ride" Plans ..... Production Shortcuts ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Improvements Speed Wing-rib Production - Production of wing ribs is speeded by several new devices developed at Piper. An automatic return for draw heads saves waste motion for the operator, and duplicate fixtures for riveting eliminate time lost in loading. A combination punch-riveter has pedal controls to leave the operator's hands free and eliminates delay for drilling or matching holes. Rib production is increased 200 percent over former, older methods. ..... Filling Time and Material Reduced 75 Percent ..... Handy Racks Save Handling Time ..... Pipe Racks and Wooden Carriers Hold Wing Ribs ..... Jointed Wrench Solves Assembly Problem ..... Angle Extrusions Curved on Table Rolls ..... Pictorial Shortcuts ..... Gun Makes Squeezer, Saves Money ..... Tubes Burred, Edges Rounded at 6 Ends Per Minute ..... Distortion From Heat-treatment Reduced ..... Hinged Clip Gains 3J Hr. per 10-hr. Shift ..... Day's Work Done Safely in Hour ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Ignition Harnesses Quickly Tested ..... Increases Anodizing-rack Life 300 Percent ..... Converted Lathe Improves Milling Job ..... Homemade Device Aids Gear Cleaning ..... Gaging Stations Straddle Roller Conveyors ..... Propellers Rapidly Glued and Moved ..... Special Tool Helps to Insert Parts ..... Tricks in Tool Sharpening ..... 12-Place Fixtures Expedite Milling of Flats ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Cast Jaws Hold Aircraft Fittings ] ..... Wings Index ..... Book Reviews ..... Eleventh Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 07
Wings 1943 07
Vol. 2 No. 2 ...... Cover: The July cover of Wings, as last year is dedicated to our Flag. Now, in the midst of the deadliest war this country has ever fought, we are more than ever aware of the Stars and Stripes and their significance. So it seems fitting for all of us who are devoted to greater production of aircraft to give thought this month, on our national anniversary, to the real purpose behind our war effort - keeping Old Glory flying, a free flag over a free country. Cover Art by Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Streamlined Handling Keeps Parts Moving - Materials handling is effectively managed at Rochester Products by adapting methods previously used in automobile production. Exceptional provision is made for storing raw and semi-fabricated material. Conveyors, some on assembly lines, carry materials and parts to work stations. This story, by Arthur J. Brennan, production manager, is illustrated with sketches and photographs which will help other companies. By Arthur J. Brennan ..... Schooling Provides Operators and Supervisors - Beth preliminary and advanced training is given workers at the Sperry Gyroscope Company. A 3-week course for learners covers many specific shop jobs, while the advanced classes develop supervisory and technical skills. Students in the advanced course are specially chosen for their aptitudes, after a certain amount of actual working experience. Otis F. Presbrey gives a detailed account of the study programs. By Otis F. Presbrey ..... From Lofts to Dies to Planes - The job of fabricating sheet stock in the production of metal airframes is being shortened at Bell by a new method of making blanking and piercing dies both quickly and cheaply. This article, by Herbert Chase, describes the method of making the dies, with photographs and sketches illustrating the details. Highly skilled die sinkers or high grade tool makers are not required to make these dies. By Herbert Chase ..... Is This Necessary? By E. J. Tangerman ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ Jig-built Spare-parts Crates save 25% - A new method of building shipping crates enables North American to ship, at one time, 25 percent more spare parts for B-25 Mitchell bombers than was possible before. The use of jig tables cuts construction time in half and saves thousands of dollars annually. Since the boxes are made to conform to the size and shape of standard freight cars, all available space is fully utilized, and loading time is cut materially. ..... New Rack Multiplies Plating Rate Five Times ..... Swivel-suspension Arm Multiplies Manpower ..... Dispenser Saves Time, Rivets, Trouble ..... Hardens Tools Quickly Without Warpage ..... Cable Clamp Saves Hours of Time ..... Fixture Halves Operations, Quadruples Cowling Output ..... Cuts Rib-setting Time A Fourth ..... Shop-made Jacks Simplify Die Set-ups ..... Wire-brushing Machine Cleans Sheets ..... Safety Latch for Squeeze Riveter ..... Adjustable Stop Speeds Countersinking ..... Capacity of Saw on Dural Doubled ..... Hook Speeds Template Selection and Storage ..... Simple Process Molds Lucite Windows ..... Circular Shapes Safely Cut on Fixture ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Work Holder Doubles Sandblast Output ..... Ends Warping of Forgings in Quenching ..... Inserting Tool Avoids Damage to Threaded Bushings ..... Good Tooling Aids Rapid Crankcase Machining. ..... Quickly Polishes Tube Bores and Burrs Ends ..... Hone Tappet Holes in Aluminum Crankcase ..... Swaging Four Times Quicker Than Turning ..... Truck Air-brake Unit Actuates Clamping Fixture ..... Test Rates Must Match Production Rates ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Meet "Stumpy," Goodyear's Idea Champ - The accessories section of wings this month is given to the many time- and money-saving suggestions of X, K. Stump, of Goodyear. These range from fixtures to new tools, which he works out and makes himself from the materials at hand. Twelve illustrations give a good sample of the excellent work "Stumpy" is doing in backing up the armed forces with faster production. Twenty-one of his 23 suggestions have been adopted. ] ..... Book Reviews ..... Twelfth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest .....

Wings 1943 08
Wings 1943 08
Vol. 2 No. 3 ...... Cover: Major Joseph J. Foss, USMC, is pictured on our front cover this month in a characteristic pose. The hero of many air battles in the South Pacific, in which he shot down 26 Jap planes, is shown as a captain, his rank during his daring exploits. Awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Flying Cross. Major Foss has often pointed out that it was largely the equipment he and fellow airmen have had that is helping smash the Japs. His words spell "thanks" to everyone building American aircraft.. Cover Art by Howard Scott ....... Articles Inside: ... Conveyor Teardown and Reassembly Technique - Bottlenecks caused by the standard practice of tearing, down and reassembling each engine after its "green" test run have been eliminated at Allison by putting the whole process on a loop conveyor. W. G. Guthrie. works manager, tells how this method saves factory space and enables new workers to learn specific jobs quickly. Formerly, long and thorough training was necessary for both mechanics and inspectors. By W. G. Guthrie ..... Balancing Procurement and Production - Graphic management control is described in detail by Lt. George W. E. Fouch, USNR. The system of charts, some of which are illustrated, was designed to maintain a balance between procurement of raw materials and parts and production of completed planes. With these coordinated visual reports, the bottlenecks that might otherwise delay production show up instantly, and can be given special attention. By Lt. G. W. E. Vouch, USNR ..... $200 Investment Salvages $4,200 Scrap - An original investment of less than $200 in obsolete farm machinery and other miscellany has grown, at Fair-child Aircraft Division, into a large salvage system which monthly reclaims $12,000 worth of scrap. Because ingenuity was exercised, very little standard equipment was needed to put the program into operation. Salvage Foreman McClellan Altemeier, former floor sweeper, is responsible for the system's development. ..... "Share the Shortcuts" is Rule in Canada - Excellent distribution of production-speeding suggestions has been obtained in Canadian aircraft plants through the Aircraft Industry Relations Committee. Bulletins are sent monthly to interested companies. The best suggestions of various company employee-suggestion contests are passed along to others. Further awards are given to originators. Six typical ideas, all from a recent committee bulletin, are here illustrated. By E. J. Tangerman ..... Airframes Production Shortcuts: [ ..... Torch Substituted for Contour Milling ..... "Squawk" Board Reduces Reworks 80'/c ..... Inverted Riveters Save Time ..... Homemade Devices Make Machines Safer ..... Flexible Guard Saves Drills ..... Merry-go-round Mills Rod Ends Faster ..... Airframing Simplified ..... Machine Reduces 8-hr. Job to H Min ..... Seats and Stakes Bearings Precisely ..... Gas Welding Simplified and Made Safer ..... T-bar Rack Cuts Scrap ..... Expedites Doped-tape Application ..... Automatic Plumb Indicator Warns of Misalignment ] ..... Powerplants Production Shortcuts: [ Hours Saved In Propeller Manufacture ..... Center-of-gravity Hoist Halves Labor ..... Complete Protection for Job Data ..... Prevents Reamer Breakage ..... Halves Labor in Producing Air Duct ..... Special Grinder for Master-rod Inner Faces ..... Drill, Ream and Countersink in Same Machine ..... Cone Aids Location for Radial Drilling ..... Simple Methods Speed Burring, Polishing ] ..... Accessories Production Shortcuts: [ Halves Time for Coil-base Assembly ..... Driving Arm Shortens Grinding ..... Adjustable Arm Speeds Template Clamping ..... Parts Drilled Three Times Faster ..... Taper-pin Turning Rate Boosted ..... Spotlight on Drill Speeds Work ] ..... Memo: Be Careful-Not to Help Axis! ..... Thirteenth Wings Bond Award ..... Wings Shop Suggestion Contest

Wings 1943 09
Wings 1943 09
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Wings 1943 11
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Wings 1943 12
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